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Debt Repayment Strategy

Financial Planning

Paying off debt is a major financial accomplishment, and while it might take patience, there are a few good strategies to help you get ahead of your debt. 

Two of the most common debt repayment strategies are the avalanche and snowball methods. Let’s learn about both to help you understand how they can help you pay off debt.

What is an Avalanche Debt Repayment Strategy?

An avalanche debt repayment strategy is a slow-but-steady way to pay debt in which you set aside a debt repayment amount every month, make the minimum payments on all your debts, and use the leftover money to pay off your higher-interest debt as quickly as possible.

For example, let’s say you have $5,000/month to devote to paying debt, and you have the following debts:

  • $12,000 of credit card debt, with a 19% APR
  • An $8,000 car loan with a 6% APR
  • $15,000 in student loans with a 4.5% APR

With the avalanche repayment method, you would make the minimum payments on the car loan and the student loans and use the rest of the earmarked funds to pay off the credit card debt as soon as possible, because it has the highest APR. With this method, you can potentially save on interest because you are paying the most expensive loans first.

What is a Snowball Debt Repayment Strategy?

Snowball debt repayment tackles one debt at a time, starting with the smallest loan, so you get it off your plate sooner. In the above scenario, you would pay off the car loan first, since you owe the smallest amount, and then tackle the rest of the debt.

This strategy may appeal to individuals who want to see results sooner, but you may end up paying more interest because you may have the high-interest loans longer.

Avalanche vs. Snowball Debt Repayment: Which is Better?

Both avalanche and snowball debt repayment options are great ways to encourage people to pay off debt, and they both have their pros and cons. The strategy that’s right for you will depend on your own unique financial situation, your loans, and your personality and motivations. 

Pros & Cons of Avalanche Debt Repayment

Here are some of the benefits and considerations of the avalanche debt repayment method:


  • The main benefit of an avalanche debt repayment strategy is that you may save on interest. In the above example, you could potentially save hundreds of dollars compared to snowball debt repayment because you are ridding yourself of the high-interest loan as soon as possible with your extra funds. 


  • The avalanche debt repayment strategy may be difficult for individuals motivated by instant gratification. Because you take longer to pay off individual loans, it may feel like you aren’t making substantial progress.

Pros & Cons of Snowball Debt Repayment

Here are some benefits and considerations of the snowball debt repayment method:


  • Paying off debt feels great. Because this strategy focuses on smaller amounts first, it can be a good motivator for individuals who enjoy seeing their hard work pay off sooner.


  • Because this method focuses on smaller loans first rather than loans with the highest interest rates, it may cost more in the long run and extend the life of the loan because of the higher interest rates. For individuals who want to pay the least amount of interest possible, the snowball debt repayment method might not be the best option.

Whether you use the avalanche or snowball debt repayment method (or a mix of the two), paying debt is a healthy, responsible financial strategy. If paying off debt is one of your financial goals, talk to your financial advisor to help create a realistic plan.